hay guys i was just wondering about the advantages of using tank treads and /or wheels....or any other types. efficiency? stability? does it have a large affect ?
thanx for your help
Look at the torque of your motors compared to the weight of your robot.
Torque is measured in lbs-ft (or N-m). You have to factor in the radius of your wheels/treads. Divide the torque by the radius. If you have four motors, your total torque is 4x the torque of an individual motor. You want your motors to be able to move MORE than the weight of your robot, or it will just sit there straining.
A servo modified for continuous rotation gives you a gear motor with its own control electronics (including internal h-bridge), so it can be controlled by a single pin from your microcontroller.
Depending on your project, a continuous rotation servo may be a great choice. Most servos are pretty small, so large robot platforms will probably need motors rather than servos.
Advantage: Treads give you a lot of traction, because there is so much surface area.
Disadvantage: Treads can be hard to turn on, because there is so much surface area.
With treads you just need 2 driven wheels but a 4x4 chassis need 4 driven wheels to be steered like treads or 2 driven wheels and 1 or 2 steering wheels.
The terrain where your bot is moving is also to be considered, treads are better in mud like Geir mentioned.
I don’t think that there is much advantage of using treads if you’re not running your robot in mud or on a slippery surface. But it looks cool :-)