Let's Make Robots!

Tracer

Follow Dark and Light Lines

Tracer is a simple linefollowing robot that has the ability to follow light or dark lines. It is able to do this through taking advantage of four photoresistors. The amount of current alotted from each side is tested by the LM393P comparator and reacts respectavely to stay on track. The motors are powered by a set of PN2907A PNP transistors, a fairly simple set up. I also added motor feedback protection by adding some schottky diodes to the motors. (No need to fry a perfectly good comparator). I also added two more diodes, one after the positive terminal of the battery and the other before the negative terminal of the battery, for reverse battery protection. I know two is a bit overkill, but I know a few people who could destroy the bot by inserting the battery in the wrong orientation (You know who you are). Another nice feature are the adjustable headlights to accomodate the sensors for different lighting conditions it is also worth noting that it also has a sensor balencing circuit to accomodate for the variances in the photoresistors. My favorite feature is my "flip-flop" wired switch, which gives it the ability to follow dark and light lines by connecting the motors to opposite motor outputs (Right is connected to left and left is connected to right).  For the body I bought a sheet of acrylic and using a blow torch bent it, something I learned off of LMR (Thanks! You know who you are). All in all, not bad for a first successfully built robot.

 

Light

 

Top View

Left Side View

Right Side View

Front

Underbelly

Top (Dark)

Dark

Side (Dark)

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Nice build. You thought of the including good features right off the bat like the flip flop for light/dark and the adjustable headlights for varying lighting conditions. I'm still amazed at the non-CPU robots as I never really have understood chip logic I guess.

Good job!

Stephen

I am a huge fan of logic based robots. I'm relatively new to the world of programming, but i'm getting there. Currently logic chips are the thing that makes the most sense to me right now plus all i need to do to make a circuit work is the physical components, which helps to avoid frustrations like syntax errors ;) The big downer I guess is that I can't fix a hardware problem virtually :/ (motor going backward instead of forward) I would have to fix that all physically. Thanks for the comment! I plan on posting more logic based robots really soon :D